Glosario de términos artísticos:

Glosary of art terms about "El Salvador" Cathedral:

a b c e f g h i l m n p s t z
Adintelado:
construction that uses a horizontal element –lintel- to cover the space between two supports.
Alfarje:
flat roof used in Mudejar constructions. It consists of main beams that hold each other in buttress that come out of the walls and small transverse beams that rest in the other ones. Usually it ‘s decorated with polychromatic and caved decoration.
Pointed Arch:
formed by two circle-intertwined segments that create an angle in the keystone.
Rounded Arch:
semicircular arch.
Orgee Arch:
arch with a compound curve, partly concave and partly convex that looks life the keel of a boat. Typical of the late gothic architecture.
Segmental Arch:
shallow arch that creates a 60º angle.
Arcosolium:
arched recess used as a place of entombment.
Harpy:
mythology animal that has a woman’s head and a bird’s body.
Archivolt:
ornamental molding or ban following the curve on the underside of an arch.
Atlas or Atalante:
support sculpted in the form of a man, which may take the place of a column, a pier or a pilaster. The name comes from Atlas the Titan who was forced by Zeus to hold the sky on his shoulders.
Predella:
platform in which an altarpiece stands.
Stellar Vault:
rib vault reinforced by masonry ribs. This vault may be quadripartite rib vault and sexpartite rib vault.
Coul-de-four Vault:
is a half dome used over an apse or a niche.
Line:
ceach of the vertical strips that separate the altarpiece.
Apsel Chapel:
little chapel in the apse generally and odd number of them.
Main Chapel:
part of the church where you can find the presbytery and the main altar.
Lattice:
framework consisting of a crisscrossed pattern of strips of a building material, typically wood, metal or stone. Latticework can be purely ornamental or can be used as truss structure.
Balustered Column:
column shaped somewhat like a baluster with a short massive shaft. Used in Renaissance.
Cornucopia:
or horn of plenty. It’s a symbol of abundance and nourishment. It is a horn- shaped container overflowing with flowers, nuts or wealth in some form. The most common explanation is the birth and nurturance of the infant Zeus that was protected by goat Amalthea who fed him. The future king had unusual abilities and strength and playing with Amalthea broke off one of her horns, which then had the divine power to provide unending nourishment.
Battlement:
decorative features throughout Gothic Architecture. They occur in parapets but on the transoms of windows and the tie beams of roofs.
Transept:
transverse section of any building which lies across the main body of the building. Area set crosswise to the nave in a cruciform building. It separates the nave from the sanctuary.
Phylactery:
band with religious phrases, legends.
Pediment:
classical architecture element consisting of a triangular section found above the horizontal structure, usually supported by columns. The tympanum was often decorated with sculptures and reliefs.
Ambulatory:
semicircular o polygonal circulation space enclosing an apse or a straight-ended sanctuary.
Griffin:
legendary creature with the body of a lion and head and wings of an eagle. Represent power.
Grisaille:
painted executed entirely in monochrome or near monochrome usually in shades. It is used in large decorative schemes in imitation of a sculpture.
Grothesque:
ornamental arrangements of arabesques with interlaced garlands and small and fantastic humans and animal figures usually set in a symmetrical pattern around some form of architectural framework.
Hippocamp:
mythological creature depicted as a horse in tis forepart with a coiling, scarly, fishlike hindquarter.
Triton:
it’s represented as a mermaid having the upper body of a human, arms of a horse and the tail of a fish.
Lauda:
stone located in a tomb.
roof Lantern:
s a day lighting cupola architectural element. They are atop a larger roof and provide natural light into the space or room below.
Machicolation:
is a floor opening between the supporting corbels of a battlement, through which stones or other objects could be dropped on attackers at the base of defensive walls.
Maenad:
female followers of Dionysus. They were portrayed as inspired by him into a state of ecstatic frenzy. Their name literally translates as the raving ones.
central approach to the high altar, the main body of the church. It may have parallel aisles on each side, often separated by pillars and the transept, which cuts across it at the point where the choir begins, intersects it.
Epistle Nave:
right or south nave of the church. The left nave is called the Gospel Nave. Men answered near the presbytery there the epistles where read.
Nereid:
sea nymph’s daughters of Nereus and Doris. They were distinct from the mermaids. They are beautiful women ridding dolphins and other sea animals and the often accompany Poseidon.
Pantocrator:
refers to a specific depiction of Christ. In the half-length image Christ holds the New Testament in his left hand and makes the gesture of teaching or of blessing with his right.
Pilaster:
slightly projecting column built into o applied to the face of a wall. Most commonly flattered or rectangular in form. It’s used to give the appearance of supporting column and to articulate an extent of wall, with only an ornamental function.
Pinnacle:
architectural ornament originally forming the cup or crown of a buttress or small turret, afterwards it was used on parapets at the corners of towers and in other situations. The pinnacle had structural and ornamental purposes.
Latin Cross Plan:
church floor with one arm larger than the other three. It’s used as the basic floor plan of western churches. It represents the Trinity.
Polvera:
piece that frames the altarpiece to protect it from the dust.
Presbytery:
is the area of the church reserved for the clergy. Short walls, columns or pilasters might separate it. It can also be raised being reachable by a few steps.
Tetramorphy:
symbolic arrangement of four different elements, or the combination of four disparate elements in one unit. It is the union of the symbols of the four evangelists. Each one of them has a creature with wings; a lion, an ox, an eagle and a man. Portraits are often accompanied by tetramorphs or the symbols alone.
Tribuna:
area within a vaulted or semi doomed apse in a church. It is also the semicircular recess behind the choir. It is used to hold the pressure of the main aisle.
Exempt Tower:
independent or separated tower.
Baseboard:
piece that protects the altarpiece from the humidity.
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Iglesia Catedral El Salvador • Calle El Cristo s/n., Santo Domingo de la Calzada (La Rioja)
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